Architecture in Hanoi has been through ups and downs of history lines which created an unique Hanoi with a perfect harmony between modernization and antiqueness.
St. Joseph’s Cathedral – architecture with the least changes
Inaugurated in 1887, St. Joseph’s Cathedral was where Buddhism rituals were held for peace of the country and its people since at the beginning, it was Bao Thien pagoda that stood there. This is the largest cathedral in Hanoi. Today, there are 2 rituals on weekdays, 7 on Sunday. The church is a common place where Christian in Hanoi and its neighborhood gather. Moreover, this cathedral has attracted a huge number of foreign tourists thanks to its “unchanged” architecture.
This architecture was designed following Gothic style which originated from Europe at the late medieval period and was very popular during the 12th century & the Renaissance in Europe. Inspired by Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral, St. Joseph’s Cathedral has a large vaulted roof heading to the sky. Built with stone slabs and in brick with concrete facing, the façade consists of two towers, square in shape, rising to a height of 103 ft (31 m) and each tower fitted with five bells.
Nowadays, visiting the cathedral, we will be amazed by the unchanged antiqueness of its architecture like its origin.
Hanoi Opera House – the most completed architecture
Located on the famous August Revolution Square, Hanoi Opera House is just a few steps from Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi Old Quarter and Vietnam History Museum which is the most luxurious area of the capital.
The Opera house was constructed for ten years from 1901 to 1911 and modeled on Palais Garnier – the older of Paris two opera houses, Hanoi Opera House embraces the European architectural style under the Renaissance period with the Italian-made marble floor, copper chandeliers and exquisite French murals on the ceiling, thus making the place one of Hanoi’s singular architectural landmarks.
Although inaugurated after opera houses in Sai Gon, Hai Phong, Hanoi Opera House has the most completed architecture system.
In the past, the theater solely hosted performances by Western artists for French officials and wealthy Vietnamese. Nowadays, Hanoi Opera House is one of Hanoi’s cultural centers where art shows, concerts, dance performances and other events usually take place, with the scale ranging from national to international.
The theater is the place where the Vietnamese Orchestra chooses to perform on regular basis, occasionally along with famous artists from all over the world. In the past the place had invited the violinist Hilary Hahn, the cellist Yo-yo Ma, the pianist Wolfgang Glemser or the conductor Gudni Emilsson. The two remarkable classical concerts performed annually at Hanoi Opera House are Toyota Concert and Hennessy Classical Concert, which both are international-scale performances with renowned classical artists.
For a long time, Hanoi Opera House has been a rendezvous for those who love theatrical performance and traditional songs and music, symphonies, opera and classical opera. It is also a tourist attraction for local and foreign visitors.
Keangnam Tower: Hanoi Skyscraper and the tallest Building in Vietnam
In Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, stands the tallest building all over Vietnam, the skyscraper Keangnam officially named Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower. With its 336 meters and 70 stories height, this giant made of steel and glass, is the headquarters of the South-Korean company Keangnam Vina, and also hotel, shopping mall, convention center and apartments.
We can’t deny the modernization, height, and gorgeousness of the building which can be a standard for the modern architecture. Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower is ranked in top 10 best buildings in Hanoi, and considered as a symbol of nonstop & strong development of the city.
There are still numerous architectures including ancient and modern ones, those above are some of representation for the total view towards Hanoi development and architecture.
It’s easy to recognize the development of the capital recently with high buildings & skyscrapers. This modernization shows how creative people are getting to be by the structure of new construction materials which are super-strong, ultra-light, extra-thin, etc. with unique designs. Besides, ancient buildings are standing there demonstrating for culture diversity of a thousand year capital.